Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit

Note: Section 13302 of The Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (H.R. 5376) extended the expiration date and modified the phase down of this tax credit. It also made stand-alone energy storage systems eligible for the credit, and biomass heaters ineligible for the credit. Biomass heaters are now eligible for the residential energy efficiency tax credit. The summary below reflects the credit after the enactment of H.R. 5376.

A taxpayer may claim a credit for a system that serves a dwelling unit located in the United States that is owned and used as a residence by the taxpayer. Expenditures

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Energy-Efficient Mortgages

Homeowners can take advantage of energy efficient mortgages (EEM) to either finance energy efficiency improvements to existing homes, including renewable energy technologies, or to increase their home buying power with the purchase of a new energy efficient home. The U.S. federal government supports these loans by insuring them through Federal Housing Authority (FHA) or Veterans Affairs (VA) programs. This allows borrowers who might otherwise be denied loans to pursue energy efficiency, and it secures lenders against loan default.

FHA Energy Efficient Mortgages
The FHA allows lenders to add up to 100% of energy efficiency improvements to an existing mortgage loan

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MOR-EV Trucks Program

The Massachusetts Offers Rebates for Electric Vehicles (MOR-EV) program issues rebates to drivers of electric vehicles. The MOR-EV Trucks Program aims to increase the use of electric trucks in the state of Massachusetts so as to reduce air pollution emissions. Purchases or leases of battery-electric and fuel cell vehicles that cost more than $50,000 and have a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of more than 8,500 pounds that were made on or after February 16, 2021, are eligible to receive a rebate. Rebates are based on gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) and decline as rebate blocks are filled.

8,501 -

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Alabama Power - Smart Thermostat Reimbursement

Note: Applications must be submitted by December 1, 2023, for smart thermostats purchased/installed on or after November 1, 2022.

Alabama Power Co. is an electric utility that serves 1.4 million customers' electricity. Alabama Power Co. offers a rebate to customers who want to purchase a smart thermostat. This rebate will be available for a limited time only. Contact the utility or visit the program website for more information.

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Net Metering

Eligibility and Applicability

Montana's net-metering law, enacted in July 1999, applies to all customers of investor-owned utilities. Systems up to 50 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind or hydropower are eligible. No limit on enrollment or statewide installed capacity is specified. Utilities may not require customer-generators to comply with any additional standards or requirements beyond those established by the National Electric Code, National Electrical Safety Code, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), and Underwriters Laboratories (UL).

Net Excess Generation

Net excess generation (NEG) is credited to the customer's next monthly bill. The customer may choose

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Community Distributed Generation


In July 2015 the NY Public Service Commission (PSC) issued an order that established a Community Net-metering in the State. The community net-metering allows multiple customers to subscribe to and receive credits for the electricity produced from off-site renewable generation facilities. This policy makes it possible for renters, low-income residents, and homeowners to receive credits for renewable energy who previously could not install a renewable generation facility in their homes. 

In general a community energy project requires a minimum of 10 members. In March 2017, the commission allowed a waiver for a minimum ten member requirement for community distributed

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Community Solar Energy Pilot Program

In May 2018,  the governor signed A3723/S2314, which mandates the creation of the Community Solar Energy Pilot Program. The New Jersey Board of Public Utilities adopted rules establishing the Community Solar Energy Pilot Program on January 17, 2019.

The pilot is designed to run for three years. Program Year 1 applications opened on April 19, 2019. Program Year 2 applications were due on February 5, 2021. As of December 2022, a schedule for Program Year 3 is not available.

Aggregate capacity in the state in limited to 75 MW per program year. The capacity limit is divided

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Sustainable Rebuilding Program

The Sustainable Rebuilding Program, run by the Colorado Energy Office, offers grants and loans to homeowners, owners of residential rental property, and businesses who need to rebuild their properties after a natural disaster. The program specifically provides funding for high performing, energy efficient, and resilient homes and structures. The grants and loans can be used to fund installation of high-efficiency heat pumps, renewable energy generation, battery storage, and electric vehicle charging stations. The money can also be used for products to achieve advanced energy certifications from federal programs and to brings buildings up-to-date with the most recent energy building code

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