Maryland Solar Rebates and Incentives

Maryland Rebates and Incentives Summary


Maryland is a small, mid-Atlantic state with big aspirations for its renewable energy future and its rapidly growing solar energy industry.

Back in 2007, Maryland established an ambitious goal to install 1,250 megawatts of renewable energy generation. The state is expected to hit that mark in 2015. Ranked 14th in the nation for installed solar capacity, Maryland has mightily promoted solar installation for utilities, businesses and homeowners with strong policies designed to make solar as economically advantageous as possible.

To help more home and business owners adopt solar power, Maryland offers homeowners numerous incentives, including rebates, low- or no-interest rate loans, oodles of tax breaks, net-metering and performance-based incentives. Counties, municipalities and utilities in the state also offer incentives for switching to renewable energy.

The state has developed its EmPOWERing Maryland Clean Energy Programs through the Maryland Energy Administration

Gov. Martin O’Malley in 2008 developed the state’s “Smart, Green and Growing” initiative to help reduce energy bills at home, create green collar jobs, and promote energy independence.

Under these programs, Maryland installed 29 megawatts of solar in 2013 and had 161 megawatts of installed solar capacity at the beginning of 2014.

Maryland Solar Power Financial Incentives

Financial Incentives

Corporate Tax Credit

Local Rebate Program

PACE Financing

Performance-Based Incentive

Personal Tax Credit

Property Tax Incentive

Sales Tax Incentive

State Loan Program

State Rebate Program

Utility Rebate Program

Rules, Regulations & Policies

Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards

Building Energy Code

Energy Efficiency Resource Standard

Energy Standards for Public Buildings

Generation Disclosure

Green Power Purchasing


Net Metering

Renewables Portfolio Standard

Solar/Wind Access Policy

Solar/Wind Permitting Standards

Clean Energy Production Tax Credit

Program Type Personal Tax Credit
Technologies Solar Thermal Electric, Photovoltaics and other renewables
Amount $0.85 per kilowatt hour (kWh) produced, minimum of $1,000
Required Documentation Initial Credit Certificate Application and net metering or interconnection agreement
Official Web Site

The Clean Energy Production Tax Credit allows property owners in Maryland to receive a state-income-tax break for up to a five-year period for qualifying renewable energy installations.

To qualify, the building must use the renewable energy as its primary energy source. The program was extended in 2010 to last through 2015.

In order to receive any tax benefit, a system must qualify for a minimum tax credit of $1,000. In order to achieve that, a solar installation must produce at least 23,530 kilowatt hours of clean energy a year.

An individual or corporation that applies for and receives certification from the Maryland Energy Administration may claim a credit equal to 0.85 cents per kilowatt-hour ($0.0085/kWh) against the state income tax, for up to a five-year period, for electricity generated by eligible resources.

Maryland Net Metering

Program Type Net Metering
Technologies Photovoltaics
Amount Retail
Required Documentation Not specified (arranged with local utility)                                                                          
Official Web Site

Currently under Maryland’s net-excess generation rules, credits are accrued when a grid-tied customer generates electricity in excess of his or her use and supplies it to the grid. The extra produced energy is discounted at the current rate of retail electricity.

Under a law passed in 2010, net-energy generation is carried from one billing period to the next until either the customer requests payment for the credit at the end of a 12-month period or until the customer’s usage exceeds the generation. Under the new law, the credit appears on the customer’s bill as a dollar figure.

Net metering is available throughout Maryland until 1,500 MW of generation in the state is net-metered. Size is limited to a 2 MW system, and it must be intended to offset a portion, if not all, of on-site energy needs. Customers own and have title to all renewable-energy credits, which can be sold to utilities through a separate incentive program. Utilities are required to install a bi-directional meter at a customer's building and offer net metering at no charge to the consumer.

The rules apply to all utilities operating in Maryland and residents, businesses, schools, and government entities can qualify for the incentive program. Under Maryland’s net-metering laws, customers that own the system outright or own it through a power purchase agreement or a lease can qualify for net metering

PACE Loan Program

Program Type Loan
Technologies Dependent on local government
Amount In flux
Required Documentation Must apply for eligibility with local government
Official Web Site

PACE financing for residential properties in Maryland halted after the Federal Housing Finance Agency directed Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to stop buying mortgages for properties that used the loan to finance solar installations.

Commercial PACE financing stalled in the shadow of the residential turmoil as well even though Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae don’t buy commercial mortgages. Since 2013, PACE financing has been coming back in the commercial sector in Maryland and some municipalities have reintroduce the program for residential properties as well.

The Property-Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) program offers homeowners a chance to finance their solar power project by taking out a loan from the state or local government. Under PACE, local governments can issue bonds to create a funding pool for PACE applicants. The bond maturity period may be no longer than 40 years under the law. Local governments control the bond’s interest rates, payment intervals, sales terms, and conditions for early bond redemptions, among other issues.

Solar Energy Grant Program

Program Type Rebate
Technologies Solar Water Heating, Solar Photovoltaics

• $500 for solar hot water heating

• $1,000 for solar pv systems

Required Documentation

Application form, a reviewed and signed Solar Grant Program Terms and Conditions form, a signed cost estimate,

purchase order, or letter of intent from an installer

Official Web Site

The Solar Energy Grant Program offers homeowners rebates when they install solar water heaters or solar PV panels for electricity generation.

As of 2012, the rebates are flat amounts. A solar water heating system comes with a $500 rebate from Maryland’s Residential Clean Energy Grant Program. A solar photovoltaic installation earns a flat $1,000 rebate.

While Maryland does not offer a state sales tax exemption for solar equipment, homeowners are able to deduct these grant amounts from the purchase price of their systems and reduce the sales tax burden for the solar installations.

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